Ancestral DNA Marker Pedigree Display

This page displays the ancestral markers or pedigree of a given node on the phylogenetic tree of mankind. While the whole phylogenetic tree is vast, this tool provides a simplified display showing only the ancestral markers for one, single lineage at a time or to compare two markers and see where the lineages diverge.

For non-recombining portions of DNA such as the Y-chromosome, scientists and genetic genealogists are literally assembling a tree of mankind based on key genetic marker mutations. Most of these markers are classified as SNPs meaning single nucleotide polymorphism. The markers here are medically insignificant but do suggest descent from a common ancestor at a point in time.

Our understanding of this pedigree is growing rapidly thanks to advances in DNA sequencing techology and improved extraction techniques for ancient human samples. These advances combined with a growing sample of modern persons tested with high resolution, next-generation sequencing have enabled our community to find new branches on a weekly basis during 2017 and 2018.

What is presented below is GeneticHomeland.com's working draft of the phylogenetic order of markers based on a variety of sources. It is by no means final or authoritative but offered for genealogical purposes and entertainment only. This tool works in conjunction with our DNA Marker Index which shows additional information for individual markers. The longest pedigree is 52 genetic marker branches deep. Currently there are 23,104 branches recorded in our database as of 12/19/2018 8:05:17 AM.

To explore other branches, click on the Tree Level to zoom to that particular pedigree. Click on the Marker Name to see more information in our DNA Marker Index.

Phylogenetic Ancestral Tree for [P295 PF5866 S8 rs895530] on Chromosome Y (Tree 8681)
Tree Level Marker / Branch NameAlternative NamesNotes
1 HomoErectus 21292569-T-G Human and Denisovan diverge from ancestral allele T found in chimpanzees at this position. hg38 Ref is G.
2 YAdam 2844421-A-G Ancestral allele in chimpanzee is A implying this is probably a human-defining SNP for homo sapiens. hg38 Ref is G.
3 L1085 2922685-T-C Defining mutation for near-root haplogroup A0-T (aka A0'1'2'3'4). That is to say father of ALL modern Y-DNA lineages except A00. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
4 P305 rs72625368 2842113-A-G Defining mutation for haplogroup branch A1. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
5 P108 13314368-C-T Defining mutation for haplogroup branch A1b. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
6 L413 PF1409 V31 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch BT. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
7 M168 PF1416 rs2032595 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch CT. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
8 P143 PF2587 rs4141886 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch CF. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
9 M89 PF2746 rs2032652 Defining mutation for haplogroup F. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
10 F1329 M3658 PF2622 YSC0001299 rs9786482 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch above GHIJK (sic). hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
11 F929 S6397 M578 PF3494 rs73614810 S6378 Mutation at haplogroup branch HIJK. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
12 L15 M523 PF3492 S137 Z4413 rs9786139 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch IJK. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
13 M9 PF5506 Defining mutation for haplogroup K. Predecessor of haplogroups T, P, and NO. Arose about 45,000 bce. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
14 F549 M2335 S22380 rs72611690 V4208 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch NO (aka K2a). hg38 has incorrect Ref.
15 M214 Page39 PAGES00039 rs2032674 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch NO1 (aka K2a1). hg38 has incorrect Ref.
16 P295 PF5866 S8 rs895530 Defining mutation for haplogroup P (K2b2). Predecessor of haplogroups R and Q. Arose about 43,000 bce. hg38 has incorrect Ref.
Phylogenetic Descendant Branches of marker [P295 PF5866 S8 rs895530] on Chromosome Y
17 [CTS1014] 17 [M45] 17 [B253]
18 [M242]
19 [MEH2] ... 19 [L275] ...
18 [M207]
19 [M173] ... 19 [M479] ...
17 [BY49600]