Ancestral DNA Marker Pedigree Display

This page displays the ancestral markers or pedigree of a given node on the phylogenetic tree of mankind. While the whole phylogenetic tree is vast, this tool provides a simplified display showing only the ancestral markers for one, single lineage at a time or to compare two markers and see where the lineages diverge.

For non-recombining portions of DNA such as the Y-chromosome, scientists and genetic genealogists are literally assembling a tree of mankind based on key genetic marker mutations. Most of these markers are classified as SNPs meaning single nucleotide polymorphism. The markers here are medically insignificant but do suggest descent from a common ancestor at a point in time.

Our understanding of this pedigree is growing rapidly thanks to advances in DNA sequencing techology and improved extraction techniques for ancient human samples. These advances combined with a growing sample of modern persons tested with high resolution, next-generation sequencing have enabled our community to find new branches on a weekly basis during 2017 and 2018.

What is presented below is GeneticHomeland.com's working draft of the phylogenetic order of markers based on a variety of sources. It is by no means final or authoritative but offered for genealogical purposes and entertainment only. This tool works in conjunction with our DNA Marker Index which shows additional information for individual markers. The longest pedigree is 52 genetic marker branches deep. Currently there are 22,132 branches recorded in our database as of 10/23/2018 8:18:54 PM.

To explore other branches, click on the Tree Level to zoom to that particular pedigree. Click on the Marker Name to see more information in our DNA Marker Index.

Phylogenetic Ancestral Tree for [CTS1977 ZS23 rs752963003] on Chromosome Y (Tree 14580)
Tree Level Marker / Branch NameAlternative NamesNotes
1 HomoErectus 21292569-T-G Human and Denisovan diverge from ancestral allele T found in chimpanzees at this position. hg38 Ref is G.
2 YAdam 2844421-A-G Ancestral allele in chimpanzee is A implying this is probably a human-defining SNP for homo sapiens. hg38 Ref is G.
3 L1085 2922685-T-C Defining mutation for near-root haplogroup A0-T (aka A0'1'2'3'4). That is to say father of ALL modern Y-DNA lineages except A00. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
4 P305 rs72625368 2842113-A-G Defining mutation for haplogroup branch A1. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
5 P108 13314368-C-T Defining mutation for haplogroup branch A1b. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
6 L413 PF1409 V31 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch BT. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
7 M168 PF1416 rs2032595 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch CT. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
8 P143 PF2587 rs4141886 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch CF. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
9 M89 PF2746 rs2032652 Defining mutation for haplogroup F. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
10 F1329 M3658 PF2622 YSC0001299 rs9786482 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch above GHIJK (sic). hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
11 F929 S6397 M578 PF3494 rs73614810 S6378 Mutation at haplogroup branch HIJK. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
12 L15 M523 PF3492 S137 Z4413 rs9786139 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch IJK. hg38 has incorrect Ref versus SNP tree (2/24/2018).
13 M429 P125 PF3535 rs17306671 Defining mutation for haplogroup branch IJ. Arose about 46,000 bce.
14 M170 PF3715 rs2032597 Defines major Haplogroup I*. Arose about 41,000 bce.
15 M438 P215 PF3853 S31 rs17307294 Defines major haplogroup I2. Arose about 26,000 bce.
16 CTS2257 PF3704 Z2647 rs753852546
17 L460 PF3647 S238 rs7892855 Under I2 M438
18 M436 P214 PF3856 S33 rs17315680 Under I2a M438 > L460
19 M223 rs367573274 Defines major I subgroup I2a2a (ISOGG 2014). Under I2a M438 > L460 > M436
20 CTS616 rs751166844 Corrected Ref C to HG19 FASTA G. On tree coincident with Y4450. Under I2a M438 > L460 > M436 > M223
21 CTS10057 rs776515850 Under I2a M438 > L460 > M436 > M223 > CTS616
22 Z189 S330 S5902 rs1177893515 Under I2a M438 > L460 > M436 > M223 > CTS616 > CTS10057
23 L801 S390 rs781198385 Under I2a M438. Arose about 8,000 bce.
24 Z165 FGC3579 SK1257 rs1053311801 Under I2a M438 > L460 > M436 > M223 > CTS616 > CTS10057 > Z189 > L801
25 CTS1977 ZS23 rs752963003
Phylogenetic Descendant Branches of marker [CTS1977 ZS23 rs752963003] on Chromosome Y
26 [BY13707]
27 [PH3477] 27 [BY13712]
28 [Y76416] ...
26 [FGC33291]
27 [Y5282]
28 [CTS1858] ... 28 [FGC33295] ... 28 [Y23418] ... 28 [BY3754] ... 28 [Y11919] ...
27 [BY526]
28 [Y12052] ... 28 [BY13297] ...
27 [Y7824]
28 [Y7829] ...